Minimize Guaruba Guarouba

Golden Conure

Queen of Bavaria's Conure

Golden Parakeet

Guaruba guarouba 


Guaruba guarouba



The Golden Conure has rich golden yellow plumage of the body and tail which are in striking contrast to the dark green primary flight feathers. Their massive head and mandible (light horn-colored) and short, tapered tail contribute to a top-heavy appearance. Golden conures are are approximately 14 inches (36 cm) in length.  Because of their massive head and mandible, many people feel the Golden conure more closely resemble macaws than conures. Immature birds have scattered green feathers on the upper wing coverts and cheeks and are rather slimmer in build. At this stage their close relationship to the Sun Conure is more apparent. This combined with their call are more characteristic of a conure.


 Natural Range

Golden Conure's inhabit a range that is restricted to northeastern Brazil, south of the Amazon river, from the west bank of the Rio Tapajos, Para and east to northwestern Maranhaao. They prefer hilly upland areas of tierra firma (dry  land) rather than verzea (flooded forest). They are pressured by habitat loss, predation, hunting and trapping.



Golden Conures are one of the most desirable birds in aviculture. In shape and size it is unique amoung the conures, being much larger and heavier in build. It is still one of the more expensive conures to procure, but their price has been falling in recent days.  Special paperwork is required when purchasing this bird because it is protected by CITES and the Endangered Species Act, and may not be transported across state lines withouth the proper permits.

As a whole, the species Guaruba guarouba is not believed to be in imminent danger of extinction;  however, it is critically endangered in the eastern portion of its range, where no forest reserves exist. Its decline there has been so rapid and widespread that extinction is predicted in all of the region east of the Rio Tocantin.

Although their status in the wild is no cause for optimism, Goldens are established in aviculture, where their desirability should assure continued existence.



The great surprise to most who are fortunate to know these birds is not their obvious beauty, but their engaging personalities.  A handfed Golden Conure will exhibit an unusual trust in its keeper.  Young Goldens enjoy handling to the extent that most will lie totally relaxed on there backs in your hand.  Fortunately, they love each other even more than people and will usually be seen in close contact, whether they are playing, preening, mock fighting, or roosting.



The majority of captive bred golden conures are descended from a small number of the original wild-caught stock. The first difficulty encountered in breeding Goldens is to secure breeding stock that is not the result of inbreeding. The next difficulty is to avoid inbreeding in your own stock.

Analysis of the Golden Conure Studbook indicates that Goldens do not breed as readily as some more commonly kept birds. However they have no unusual breeding requirements, and can be quite prolific. Many pairs will produce three clutches a year (or more if eggs are pulled for incubation).  Breeding pairs will usually produce every year. Goldens have proven to be seasonal breeders when housed outdoors in colder climates. Indoors, hoever they will breed at any time during the year. The normal clutch size is three to six eggs. Goldens are indeterminate layers, in that they will continue to lay eggs in an attempt to complete a clutch.

Compatability may be more important with Golden Conures than with related species. Specifically, a pair that is mismatched in level of aggression may produce infertile eggs even though both birds are mature. This problem does not seem to occur in pairs that are established at a young age. Potential mates should be carefully evaluated and evely matched so that one bird will not dominate the other.

Golden Conures are highly social birds. They have successfully bred in colony flights and are known to brood communally in the wild. A number of hens may lay in the same nest cavity, with feeding duties shared by the entire group. This behavior is rare if not unique amoung the larger parrots. It supports the theory that these birds will breed most readily in the company of their own species, as is the case with most other conures. With Goldens however, there are no rules. Some single pairs have also proven to be prolific.



Visit the Conure Photo Album to see some Golden Conures



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Date » 25 May, 2015    Copyright 2008 by the International Conure Association Login : Register
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